Kursi Ki Daud_Manifesto #5

Election Manifesto

INTRODUCTION

India, in her many colourful years has seen various ups and downs, but with the advent of the youth in our country, the javaan party believes that the need for an empowered youth is more and more the means to overcome all our obstacles

Our aim is to negate all our weaknesses and to highlight all our strengths through efficient policy making and implementation.

We believe that it would be advantageous to our party if any other such party exists with the same ideology and common ground. Cooperation, unity and fraternity are key values of the javaan party. However, we have faith that the people will elect us in the capacity of a majority government, so we refuse to comment on possible allies.

ORIGINS

The Javaan party is a product of the increase in numbers of the youth and the burgeoning young middle class. Based in Mumbai, we possess teams of young leaders sharing the same integrative approach as opposed to communal politics. We condemn religious politics and rely solely on our innovative policies moving forward.

POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

EDUCATION: An educated India is a better India. Therefore, the Javaan party aims at providing a multidimensional education and encouraging enrollment in schools through the following incentives:

  1. A committee to identify ‘sick’ government institutions to identify those in most dire need of funds;
  2. Greater Investment in Government Educational Institutions, with tax benefits to private entrepreneurs who provide the same;
  3. Chalk out plans to develop sports facilities across our country, and provide for a separate course i.e. ‘Bachelors of Sports Education’ in Undergraduate colleges;
  4. To further encourage student enrollment in higher education, the following provisions are recommended
  • 6 Month tax holiday to all registered graduates applicable within 5 years of graduation
  • a further 20% relief on total tax paid by graduates for a period of 3 years in the form of Savings in scheduled banks, National Savings Certificates, Life Insurance Premium, Unit Linked Insurance Plans, Equity Linked Savings Scheme

     5. Creating an education fund for the youth and linking contributions to the same to corporate social responsibility;

EMPLOYMENT: Qualified and Quantified employment serves not only the economy, but also in the manner of raising the standard of living. Therefore the Javaan party proposes the following measures:

  1. This ministry will focus on creation of special capital goods with special utility in the Industrial Sector;
  2. Establishment of ‘Ministry of Capital Goods’ with the objective of increasing productivity and employment overall;
  3. A greater emphasis on capital goods would increase the production requirements, which can be pivotal in creating jobs;

INDUSTRY: In most developing nations, manufacturing industries are the backbone of the economy. The Javaan party wants to recreate the emphasis on an industrial economy by:

  1. Instituting public private partnerships in the infrastructure of our country holds the key to the revival of our industries;
  2. Private companies willing to invest in factories and work sites in rural India would be given tax reliefs and holidays based on the extent of their investment
  3. A greater number of highway projects would be undertaken;
  4. A committee to oversee our national airline’s functioning will be instituted. If it is found that the airline is no longer profitable, it will be sold to domestic airlines willing to buy;
  5. Making India the next manufacturing hub is a core focus of the Javaan party. Because of our population strength coupled with untapped rural space, special committees and policies will be instituted for the same;

AGRICULTURE: Agriculture has for a long time been labeled as the backbone of our economy. However, for a long time, the agricultural sector has not lived up to its potential. The Javaan party believes that the farmers in our county require a better education in efficient farming practices, and we seek to establish that by the following measures:

  1. Creation of an agriculture fund, contributions to whom will be linked to CSR;
  2. Creating the Indian Institute of Agricultural Research (IIAR) in Maharashtra, UP, Punjab, Gujarat, HP, Rajasthan and Bihar, to carry out research in the field of agriculture, and provide a world class agriculture education;
  3. Creation of cooperative farming units to increase productivity of the farmland and bolster crop yield through scientific methods of farming, promoting greater cooperation between people;

Defense: The Javaan party believes in peace and harmony, but unfortunately, the turmoil that has engulfed Kashmir and the North East calls for improving the defense capabilities of India by:

  1. Further refining of intelligence agencies by increasing training and investment in the CBI, RAW, Indian Army, Navy, Air force;
  2. Investment in anti drone software;
  3. A further commitment to the ‘No First Use Policy’;
  4. Investment in intellectual weaponry i.e. computer viruses
  5. Replacing all outdated weapons in all wings of defense by instituting an inventory committee to carry out inspections;
  6. Investment in more weaponised and capable mechanisms on the land and maritime borders i.e. submarines, hovercrafts,
  7. Intelligence security measures will be evaluated and analyzed to ensure efficiency;
  8. Private Military Corporations will be engaged to train the Indian Police Force to improve their combat capabilities. More practical and field tests would be instituted for the IPS exam;

ENVIRONMENT: The environment that we live in, the air we breathe, we cannot compromise on its quality. To protect the Environment, the Javaan Party recommends;

  1. Countrywide demonstrations to farmers in creation of biofertilizers, and showing the ill effects of chemical fertilizers on crops;
  2. Investment in creation of harvestation and irrigation devices;
  3. More usage of solar panels, hydro power;
  4. Development of BioFuel capacitors and research on other recyclable power sources;
  5. Creating subcommittees with the Ministry of Environment (MoE) to ensure more specialized and focused working. Division into committees including but not limited to research and development, sustainable measures, conservation techniques, public policy, recycling, garbage disposal;
  6. A greater influence on practical environmental education i.e. putting composting to practice, and grading with more focus on practical usage;
  7. Instituting a credit system, whose functioning works around the carbon credits model, except it deals with efficiency and prudence in use of irrigation methods and chemical fertilizers;
  8. Creating a statutory backing for all the policies aforementioned, making it legally enforceable;

YOUTH EMPOWERMENT: Our entire party philosophy is based on the cognizance of the potentiality that the youth possesses. To further boost youth empowerment, the Javaan party recommends the following:

  1. State support to youth led development programs and schemes;
  2. Connecting the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports to NGO’s and Youth parties, to ensure that their say on policy matters, and their opinions are voiced and heard;
  3. Extensive use of social networking and media for each ministry to connect better with the youth.

    Participant: Vishwa Naik
    Contingent: Sharpedo

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Kursi Ki Daud_Manifesto #4

Election Manifesto 

Agriculture– Certain reforms need to be made in the sphere of co-operative farming. I would like to promote the idea of collective technology-driven farming on the lines of the USSR experiment, which ensured a spectacular growth in agricultural produce in USSR, which would produce far greater results in the agriculture sector. In this regard, I propose an amendment of the Cooperative Societies Act in all states and the formulation of a National Agricultural Cooperative Societies Act in the Parliament. I strongly believe in Tagore‟s beliefs who said, “If we could free even one village from the shackles of helplessness and ignorance, an ideal for the whole of India would be established…Let a few villages be rebuilt in this way and I shall say they are my India. That is the way to discover the true India.” Towards the fulfillment of Gurudev‟s dream, I would like to promote the Sriniketan Experiment and promote cartelization at the rural level to avoid exploitation of our farmers. Another important aspect of our agricultural thrust would be to make the Viswa Bharti Institute of Rural Reconstruction a world class training institution to harmonize technology with the demands of our Agricultural needs and bring to our villages life in its completeness.
Industry- The revival of the industry is a matter of utmost priority to us. The manufacturing industry which has been displayed lackluster growth over the past few years must be reinvigorated to boost the economy and creation of jobs. The biggest dilemma of the industry remains the deficit of electricity which leads to capacity under-utilization. Considering the fact that India‟s power generation „capacity‟ currently stands at 2.34 lakh MW which should be enough for our needs, it is a disgrace that our country goes without electricity for the shortage of fuel. The immediate thrust would be tap into the untapped potential of our natural resources. A committee would be formed to rework the working of Coal India to improve its working. Simultaneously alternative sources of energy would be made more practical to the Indian case by subsidizing and rewarding their use.
Road infrastructure serves as the arteries to any nation. We recognize rapid development of road infrastructure as a priority to drive the progress of the nation. It is also a source of employment generation. Considerable land has been acquired by the NHAI. Rapid progress on these projects will aid recovery of the infrastructure sector companies. Progress on these projects would reduce the load on banks of unprofitable loans.
Another aspect of utmost importance to us is making India a more business friendly destination. eBiz a project by The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion needs further marketing as the one stop shop to all the regulatory requirements of setting up a business in India. Rationalizing the tax laws would be an immediate priority for us. The Indian taxation system is a national tragedy considering the multiplicity of rules in existence. A more rational tax structure would not only help the tax payers but would also increase the collectability of taxes. An empowered committee would be set up in coherence with the state governments which we consider to be partners in growth rather than adversaries in our march towards development towards rationalizing taxes. Expedient implementation of the GST is a priority to us and efforts will be made to carry dissenting state governments along, to streamline indirect taxes. An analytical review will be carried out under our regime to review our laws which have grown anarchic with time and are unsuitable to current needs of the society and industry. A committee consisting of members of the judiciary, legal community and eminent members of industry will be formed to review our industry laws. Our priority would be to localizing the defense equipment industry in order to cater to India‟s burgeoning defense equipment requirement which would not only help industrial growth but also generate employment and make India self-reliant for its defense equipment requirements.
Defense – Coming to the problem of our defense forces, we have to appreciate the fact that we are located in a very hostile neighborhood and a two pronged strategy is needed to ensure dignity to our existence. One would be mutual dialogue and diplomatic relations aimed towards building peace. Another would be to consolidate our forces in a manner to dissuade any aggression towards us. The forces whose anemic equipment acquisition system has bled the defense forces dry must be revamped to ensure the loftiness of our standards does not make acquisition of equipment impossible. Considering the fact that budget
allocations are made but funds remain unutilized is a matter of trepidation. High quality acquisitions for our defense forces would be a matter immediate focus would be a matter of utmost priority. As mentioned earlier localizing the production of equipment would be a priority but our policy would be to be open towards foreign collaborations and technology transfer agreements would be an integral part of any defense equipment dealing with us. Internal security is also a matter of utmost priority to us. We list tackling of the Naxalite problem as a priority. With negotiations not proving to be fruitful, I am of the opinion that a full-scale counter insurgency operation is required to be initiated in Naxal affected areas, primarily “the Red Corridor”. We assign special attention to the plight of the Adivasis, the locals in these Naxal affected areas, who lie sandwiched between the rampant terrorism of the Naxalites and the administrative machineries like Salma Judum, the government version of the Naxals. The concept of such models is fundamentally flawed. We shall take the path of inclusive growth, ensuring maximum participation from these locals for maximum community development.
Environment – We recognize the need to move beyond the rhetoric of environmental protection to implementing a tough action plan for change and this is what we as the new government would want to do. Thirteen out of the 20 worst polluted cities across the world are in India, according to a recent World Health Organization study. An estimate by the World Bank shows that the health cost of particulate matter pollution accounts for 3 percent of the country’s GDP. We will implement a favorable taxation policy for promoting clean fuels like CNG. Rivers are intertwined with the cultural thread of the society. Every river in India is like the Ganga-, either dying or already dead- as cities take water from them and return sewage, or industries discharge effluents into them. The strategy of river cleaning by building sewage treatment plants has proved to be inadequate. The Ganga revival program will only work if we learn to do pollution control differently. Reinventing the strategy for river pollution control is the agenda, not cleaning rivers in the business as usual mode. Our agenda is to plug the gap by making ecological flow mandatory in all stretches of a river. Also ensuring treated effluent is reused or discharged directly into rivers for dilution and opt for affordable water and sanitation solutions is a priority. Reinvent the way green clearances are managed – Industry portrays green clearances as impediments to growth, but the fact is very few projects get rejected in India on environmental grounds. Official incapacity to monitor a developer’s compliance with environmental conditions means developers can pollute without any checks. Our government will reform and strengthen the environment management systems and green clearance processes to safeguard people’s concerns. A consolidated body for all green clearances- environment, forests, coastal and wildlife- so that decisions can be taken understanding the overall impact of projects is on our agenda. Instead of several regulators, an independent body to grant green clearances, advices the body. Harness the development potential of the Forest Rights Act is primary among our objectives towards empowerment of the tribal masses. Ensuring livelihood and food security of the poorest of the poor is at the core of this legislation however, seven years on, the Act is yet to live up to expectations. We will implement FRA in letter and spirit and include it in our key development agenda. We will implement the next phase of FRA focusing on community forest rights and forest regeneration with people. Program for rural development are in place but the challenge is to match the costs of the project with the gain derived and to fix the shortcomings in the delivery of development benefits to the right people. We will reform MGNREGA for development so that assets are created and employment is used productively. We will build climate resilience and water security through the MGNREGA program for agricultural development.
Education – Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today. As a nation we are now poised to take some historic steps, collectively, to empower our children and thereby, our entire nation. Our Constitution fathers did not intend that we set up hovels, put student there, given untrained teachers, give them bad textbooks, no playgrounds and say, we have complied with Article 45 and the primary education is expanding. In our madness towards quantitative expansion of education we have forgotten to place any emphasis on the quality of education, primary education being the biggest casualty of this. A hundred thoughtless experiments have converted the educational pattern to a near lunatic scramble, each state going its own way with no co-ordination between education at one level and another. Our agenda would be to give educational systems a national perspective and uniformity. Given a mandate, I would move education from the State List to the Concurrent List of the Constitution. The most important problem in secondary education
is the need for diversification. Today everyone who passes the school leaving certificate exam wants to go to college, whether he is fit for higher education or not. We should provide alternate avenues for such students. The pressure on the universities has been responsible for bringing down the standards of higher education. Higher education should be available to every citizen but not necessarily through a regular college. Our emphasis would be to provide correspondence courses, evening classes and part time courses. I am also opposed to indiscriminate starting of new universities for purely ornamental reasons which dilutes the quality of higher education. To sum up my agenda on education, the policies drafted in my regime would be on a long term basis, the cleaning up of these Augean stables and streamlining the education sector would be a ruling priority to me.
Administrative Reforms – Empowerment and Accountability are anathema to the bureaucracy. My aim is to build an empowered bureaucracy, capable and willing to take tough decisions. However errant, corrupt and inefficient bureaucrats must be dealt with is a firm aspect of my governance policy. The project of empowering the bureaucracy would not be complete without making it more rewarding to aspirants who are enamored by the lure of a high paying private job.
The police force is far from efficient, it is defective in training and organization, it is inadequately supervised, it is generally regarded as corrupt and oppressive, and it has utterly failed to secure the confidence and cordial cooperation of the people. Our agenda towards reforming the police is multi- pronged. It encompasses, (i) setting up of a Security Commission in each state to see that the government exercises its superintendence over the police in an open manner within the framework of law; (ii) prescribing a selection procedure that would ensure the appointment of the best officers to head the state police force; (iii) giving these officers a fixed minimum tenure so as to reduce their vulnerability; (iv) amending rules so that arbitrary transfers of police officers done without authority would become null and void; and (v) replacing the Police Act of 1861 with a new Police Act. Delinking the politician policeman nexus to avert organized political crime is essential to delivery of a good law and order system.
The public grievances redressal bill is a way to empower the society against miscarriage of their rights. The revival of this crucial legislation is central to our plans for reinstating public confidence in the administrative process and making responsible the erring public servants.
Conclusion –
The aim of all my policies are to create more people friendly structures and bring back the confidence that people have lost in the political and administrative systems. The idea is to go back to the path which would lead to the fulfillment of Tagore‟s Idea of India.
Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.

Participant: Rishap Vats
Contingent: Noctowl 

 

Kursi Ki Daud_Manifesto #3

  Election Manifesto

After 66 years of Independence our country is still a slave to corruption, poverty, women and domestic violence, illiteracy, malnutrition and bad governance. In the computer age we’re still lacking behind. To abridge the gap between a government and a good government there is a lot to be done. This all can be achieved only with the active participation of people and our leader’s leading the country to the path of progress. There has been growth but it is just restricted to 4% where as in order to be par with the super powers we need to grow at 40%. India has been under an unofficial dynasty rule. And we’ve the result in front of us. Let us be well equipped and be powerful so that we don’t lose our very existence. India the land with cultures from all over the world and the nation with maximum population after China can achieve the targets set. For any nation to succeed there should be man power in abundance and the right direction. Man power we have and direction we’ll have after this election hopefully. We not only believe in growth but inclusive growth. Everyone in the nation will strive for it and believe in our governance.

India as known by many was the golden bird is now in a condition where it cannot be called the silver bird also. Before Independence it was the Britishers who were looting us and after Independence we all know who it is. The freedom struggle had so much power and vision and the leader’s were dedicated. But after we achieved what we had desired to the vision was lacking. After achieving independence, the leaders at the helm of affairs lost the spirit and the vision. After achieving independence, the leaders at the helm of affairs lost the spirit and the vision, which the freedom movement had evoked. They discarded the vision and adopted the institutional framework of administration created by the Britishers which was quite alien to India’s world-view. It is unfortunate that these leaders could not comprehend India’s inner vitality, which was the main force responsible for India’s survival despite several attacks and prolonged foreign rule and thus, failed to rekindle the spirit of India. It has been 60 years, India has an unofficial dynasty rule. In these 60 years India could’ve become a super power, but we are still in the developing stage. We just ask for 60 months and not 60 years to make a change. To make things better and see our nation at it’s great height and celebrate it’s glory. We appeal to the people to vote for change. Be the change you want and we’ll see a better India. To curb poverty to kill malnutrition to finish illiteracy and to control prices and develop an infrastructure which ensures growth and enhances our country’s output which will work for the betterment of the people. The situation in the country is deteriorating rapidly. Delay in resolving the crisis would be dangerous. What is needed is to take lessons from history, recognise the vitality and resilience of India, the power of its world-view and utilize its strength, which drove it to glorious heights and analyse its weaknesses, which led to this abysmal fall. Let our neighbour’s change their perception towards us. .Vote For Change !

Education

We are literate. But the main aim is still not achieved. We’ve to be educated. Just being literate won’t help us to reach to our glory.

 

  • Centralisation of the education system in all the states in order to have quality education and to assess every student according to his performance. To curb the difference between students from different boards and bringing them at par.
  • Setting up of e-schools and e-education systems in school for better understanding and for imparting practical knowledge.
  • Change in the reservation system. No reservation in any government college or school in order to preserve the meritorious students. Economical help to the backward classes, OBC’s, SC’s, ST’s.
  • Compulsory free education till higher secondary in order to give basic knowledge to survive in the competitive world.
  • Special incentives to female students in order to promote their enrolment. 25% reservation only for FEMALE STUDENTS in all government schools and colleges. For every female student above 18 years of age an electric scooter scheme and to all minor female student a cycle scheme would be introduced in order to facilitate easy transport.
  • Laptop scheme for backward class students ( including OBC’s, SC’s, ST’s ) would be introduced. Laptops would be given to students who complete their 12th grade with a distinction.
  • Setting up of E-libraries in the country.
  • Mid-day meal scheme for school children.
  • Setting up of professional colleges in all fields. Also increasing the present number of seats available for professional courses and making professional education affordable to everyone.
  • Setting up of a review committee to analyse the performance of professor’s in government schools and colleges.

 

Agriculture

  • Promotion of irrigation projects and completion of major irrigation and dam projects in order to tackle drought conditions.
  • Supply of electricity in remote areas to help farmer’s with irrigation.
  • Proper storage facilities for perishable products in order to control price rise. Special checks of these storages would be undertaken from time to time to avoid decay.
  • Setting up of government markets to help farmer’s sell their products.
  • Incentives for farmer’s who take up barren land for cultivation.
  • Establishing agriculture school’s to educate the farmer’s about seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Arrangement for land quality check once in a year for the farmer’s.
  • Increase public investment in primary sector.
  • Promotion of horticulture, aqua culture and sericulture. Also storage facilities for dairy products in order to control price rise.

 

My Motto : For The People By The People.

  • Reduction in prices of essential commodities and control inflation in order to get the ruined economy back on track.
  • Increase in FDI in order to create jobs and get more money as capital to develop our infrastructure.
  • Improving the delivery of PDS to help people control their expenses.
  • To strengthen our currency in order to control the rising rates of fuels.
  • Improving the quality of goods produced in our country to increase our revenue and lower the dependency on foreign goods.
  • Change in the complicated tax system making it easy for the general public to understand.
  • Speeding up and making the judicial system lucid for the people to get justice. We propose work on pending cases be started in full swing.
  • Setting up lower courts in order to reduce the burden on high courts and facilitating the people to get speedy justice.
  • Publicising auto-rickshaws in order to prevent inconvenience to passenger’s and control the rising costs.
  • Improving the quality of public buses and trains ensuring comfort to people.
  • Proper sanitation facilities for slums and redevelopment of slums by 2019.
  • Setting up anti-corruption squad in each constituency for the people. Any complaints against corruption would be entertained here and strict action against the concerned officer will be taken.
  • Privatisation up to 49% of Railways in order to get more capital and improve the quality and experience of railways. A higher share of government would help control price hikes which would be in favour of the people.
  • Development of Houses by clearing slums for the people. Goal of achieving a house for each family by 2020.
  • Setting up Wi-Fi zones in public places and government food houses in such places for food at reasonable rates.
  • A plan to establish maglev trains to lead our nation on a completely different avenue.
  • Change in government offices and making them user friendly. Trained staff along with complete security to documents.
  • Appointing only Government approved contractors for the building of roads and highways.
  • A new policy to be brought in action : Any defect in roads and highways up to 2 years would terminate the contract and the cost would be borne by the contractor himself for the new construction.
  • Speedy construction of new flyover’s and highway assured. Any sort of corruption with regards to the project would lead to 10 years of jail and fine : we propose.
  • We propose DEATH SENTENCE to rapists, people involved in domestic violence and acid attackers.
  • Minimum educational qualification i.e graduation for a person from our party to contest elections.
  • Monthly meets of all the MP’s with the PM to discuss the development of works and to give reports about the works going on.
  • Direct contact for people to the MP’s in order to express their grievances.
  • Introduction of E-governance to reach to the masses and help them.
  • Attendance of MP’s be made compulsory in order to avoid delay in discussing key issues regarding welfare.
  • Suspension of MP’s with regards to misbehaviour in the parliament.
  • Reasonable limit for all MP’s to complete development work in the constituencies.
  • Making public offices better and avoiding delay. Training the staff in order to complete work on time.

 

Industries and Manufacturing Units.

Since our Independence agriculture has formed the backbone of our country. To lead to the path of a developed economy our nation needs to concentrate more on industries and manufacturing units.

  • Creation of industries in backward areas in order to lower costs, control pollution in urban areas and to generate employment.
  • Government funds for setting up industries in backward areas.
  • Increasing the number of cottage and small scale industries to increase production.
  • To concentrate on manufacturing units in order to meet domestic needs and lower the dependency on foreign goods which in turn will increase domestic revenue and will help people to get goods at a cheaper rates.
  • Appointment of experts for Indian goods to improve their quality packaging and grading in order to appease the people to buy domestic goods.
  • Speedy rehabilitation for people displaced due to large projects.
  • Investing in gulf areas specially in petroleum sector to control rising prices of fuel and in turn increasing the cost for industries.

Environment

  • Development of a squad to maintain our water’s and cleaning of major rivers.
  • Strict fines for illegal mining and imposing strict fines for the same.
  • Strict rules for conservation of forests and preserving nature.
  • Developing the existing national parks and other sanctuaries to preserve the animals and emphasising on botanical garden’s.
  • Promotion for water conservation and using resources sparingly.

 

 

Defence

  • Improving our defence equipments and borrowing technology from other countries to improve our artillery.
  • Strengthening the security arrangements at our borders to ensure stability both political and social.
  • Decisive talks with our neighbours and strong actions in case of any discrepancy.
  • Selections in army on merit basis.
  • To have all our borders well equipped. To match with other nations in relation to weapons and other equipments.
  • Special training for army officer’s in order to strengthen security.
  • Special incentives to families of people opting for army, navy or air force.
  • Concentration more on our ships and aircrafts to meet with the new needs and technology.
  • Strict treaties and talks with people posing a threat to our country.
  • Working on information from various sources to get to high order criminals.
  • Increase in the defence budget to improve the life on borders and to promote youth for joining defence.

A country is known for its people , its security , integrity , infrastructure and development. We’ll have to come together to co-operate and keep our country clean and strive for progress. A strong government at the centre would give a strong message to the world and would help us in strengthening our security.

Participant: Anirudh Jakhotia
Contingent: Empoleon

Kursi Ki Daud_Manifesto #2

Election Manifest #2

 

Prosperity Promoting Government (P.P.G)

PROSPERITY; NOW, ALWAYS……

WE, THE MEMBERS OF PPG, HAVE SOLEMNLY RESOLVED ON THIS 14TH DAY OF AUGUST, 2014 TO DECLARE THIS WRITTEN DOCUMENT AS OUR MANIFESTO FOR THE AUGUST 2014 ELECTIONS.

THIS WRITTEN DOCUMENT IS AN EFFORT MADE BY THE MEMBERS OF PPG TO PUT THEIR DEVELOPMENT IDEAS TO PAPER.THEREFORE, SPECIFIC SECTORS HAVE BEEN CONSIDERED FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS MANIFESTO BEING

AGRICULTURE:

  1. NEEDLESS TO SAY, AGRICULTURE IS THE BACKBONE OF INDIAN ECONOMY.KEEPING THIS IN MIND, PPG AIMS TO LOOK AT THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN A HOLISTIC MANNER
  2. WITH THE CONSENT OF THE PARLIAMENT, WE WILL INTRODUCE STRINGENT LABOUR LAWS PRESCRIBING THE MINIMUM AMOUNT OF WAGES FOR AGRICULTURAL WORKERS.
  3. EFFORTS WILL BE MADE FOR CREATING MASS IRRIGATION FACILITIES.
  4. IN ORDER THAT FARMERS REALISE THE TRUE VALUE OF THEIR PRODUCTS, NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL MARETING COMMITTEE SHALL BE SET UP ENSURING GUARANTEED SALES AND FAIR VALUE TO FARMERS.
  5. A COMMITTEE SHALL ALSO BE SET UP TO INCREASE THE PRODUCTIVITY PER HECTARE BY INTRODUCING GENETICALLY MODIFIED SEEDS.
  6. TO REDUCE THE FOOD SPOILAGE CAUSED EVERY YEAR BY STOCK HOLDING, PROFESSIONAL INVENTORY MANAGEMENT TEAM WILL BE HIRED AND THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WILL BE MADE MORE EFFICIENT
  7. AT THE GLOBAL LEVEL, INDIA WILL REQUEST THE WTO TO ALLOW SUBSIDIES TO PROMOTE AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY

 

INDUSTRY

  1. A CONDUCIVE ENVIRONMENT WILL BE CREATED TO FACILITATE EXPANSION OF BUSINESS ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
  2. RED TAPISM WILL BE REMOVED COMPLETELY.
  3. AUTOMATIC APPROVAL TO CERTAIN NON POLLUTING INDUSTRIES FOR SETTING UP FACTORIES.
  4. THE MSME SECTOR WILL BE REVIVED IN THE ECONOMY.
  5. EFFORTS WILL BE MADE TO CREATE A STRONG MANUFACTURING BASE BY PROMOTING CAPITAL GOODS INDUSTRY AS WELL AS THE IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY.

DEFENSE

  1. INDIA HAS A SENSITIVE NEIGHBORHOOD AND THIS MAES IT ALL THE MORE NECESSARY TO TAE DEFENSE MATTERS VERY SERIOUSLY.
  2. EXTERNAL BORDER ISSUES WILL BE DEALT WITH FIRMLY AND NO SORT OF NEGOTIATION OF ANY MATTER WILL BE MADE FOR BOUNDARY ISSUES.
  3. AS FAR AS INTERNAL SECURITY IS CONCERNED, TERRORISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED IN THE COUNTRY AND STRICT ACTION WILL BE TAKEN AGAINST THOSE TRYING TO DISRUPT THE PEACE AND BROTHERHOOD OF THE COUNTRY.
  4. A NATIONAL GUARD FORCE WILL BE DEPLOYED IN 50 MAJOR CITIES OF THE COUNTRY WHO ARE WELL PREPARED TO HANDLE ALL TYPES OF TERRORIST ATTACKS AND OTHER CRISIS.
  5. MOST OF THE DEFENSE EQUIPMENTS ARE IMPORTED IN THE COUNTRY. TO CHANGE THE SCENARIO, FDI IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY WILL BE INCREASED (WITH THE CONSENT OF THE PARLIAMENT) SO THAT THE DEFENSE EQIPMENTS ARE PRODUCED NATIONALLY.THIS WILL HELP IN REDUCING WAR RISKS.
  6. SECURITY OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN WILL BE GIVEN SPECIAL PRIORITY THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY

EDUCATION

  1. BY THE END OF THE TENURE, PPG AIMS TO RAISE THE LITERACY RATE TO AT LEAST 90%
  2. 50 NEW MEDICAL SCHOOLS AND 35 NEW ENGINEERING COLLEGES WILL BE SET UP ACROSS THE COUNTRTY.OTHER PROFESSIONAL COURSES WILL ALSO BE GIVEN DUE IMPORTANCE
  3. GOVERNMENT FUNDING WILL BE PROVIDED TO THE EXISTING EDUCATINAL INSTITUTIONS WHO FULFILL CERTAIN CRITERIA SO THAT THESE PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS CAN PROVIDE QUALITY EDUCATION AT REASONABLE PRICES.
  4. THE GOVERNMENT AT THE CENTRE WITH THE HELP OF THE RESPECTIVE STATE GOVERNMENT WILL TRY TO REVAMP THE CURICULLLUM TO MAKE THE STUDENTS INDUSTRY READY.
  5. ADEQUATE LIGHTING AND BLACBOARD FACILITIES WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE AT MOST OF THE GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS. ALSO EFFORTS WILL BE MADE TO ENSURE THAT THE SCHOOLS HAVE A PLAYGROUND TO ENSURE THE OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN.

ENVIRONMENT

  1. EMPHASIS OF PPG WILL BE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. THEREFORE FOR MAJOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ACROSS THE COUNTRY, ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS WILL BE CARRIED OUT.
  2. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WILL BE PROMOTED TO GIVE IMPETUS TO NON POLLUTING ENERGY SOURCES SUCH AS SOLAR ENERGY WHICH HAS A LARGE POTENTIAL IN INDIA.
  3. THE POSSIBILITY OF USING ELECTRIC AND SOLAR CARS ON A LARGE SCALE WILL ALSO BE EVALUATED BY SETTING UP COMMITTEES AND COMPANIES TRYING TO MANUFACTURE THESE CARS WILL BE GIVEN FULL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT.
  4. THE ‘MANGROOVE PROTECTION PROGRAMME’ WILL BE UNDERTAEN WHOLE HEARTEDLY CONSIDERING THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC BENEFITS ASSOCIATED WITH IT.
  5. WASTE TREATMENT ACTIVITIES WILL BE MADE MANDATORY FOR ALL POLLUTING INDUSTRIES AND POLLUTING FACTORIES WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO BE SET UP IN THE VICINITY OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS.
  6. AT THE GLOBAL LEVEL, PPG PROPOSES TO EXTEND ITS SUPPORT TO MONTREAL PROTOCOL ON SUBSTANCES THAT DEPLETE THE OZONE LAYER AND THE KYOTO PROTOCOL.

ADMINISTRATION

  1. OUR ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP SHOULD BE PEOPLE CENTRIC AND RESULT ORIENTED.
  2. THE ADMINISTRATION WILL BE MADE FULLY ACCOUNTABLE TO THE PUBLIC AND THE MEDIA.
  3. GENERALLY IT IS FOUND THAT ONCE ELECTED, THE POLITICIANS TEND TO BECOME CARELESS ABOUT THE FUNCTIONING OF THE COUNTRY AND THEIR AMBITIOUS PROMISES ONLY REMAIN ON PAPER.
  4. RECOGNISING THE NEED THAT THOSE WHO HAVE A RIGHT TO CHOOSE SHOULD ALSO HAVE A RIGHT TO REMOVE, A MAJOR REFORM THAT PPG PROPOSE IS THE RIGHT TO RECALL.
  5. ACCORDING TO THE RIGHT TO RECALL, IF MORE THAN 50% OF THE PEOPLE WHO HAD VOTED IN FAVOUR OF THE RULING PARTY VOTE AGAINST IT IN ANY EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL ELECTIONS HELD, THE RULING PARTY WILL BE FORCED TO VACATE THE OFFICE. THIS WILL HELP TO KEEP A HEALTHY CHECK ON THE POLITICIANS.

CONCLUSION

           WE AIM TO BUILD A STRONG INDIA, A PROSPEROUS INDIA. THIS IS NOT THE TIME TO SIT BACK AND RELAX. THIS IS THE TIME OF ACTION.LET’S COME TOGETHER TO VOTE PPG. LET’S MAKE INDIA GREAT.AGAIN!

 

Participant: Krishna Gupta
Contingent: Lampent

Kursi Ki Daud_Manifesto #1

Election Manifesto

Introduction.

India is a vast and diverse country. It is home to 1.23 billion people. This large population has a lot of potential to make India into a global super-power, however much of it remains untapped due to ineffective policies. It is with the objective to change this that we propose to bring about the following changes to make India a better place for our future generations to live in.

Agriculture and Industry.

AGRICULTURE:

Development agricultural infrastructure is the first priority for us going forward. Some of the initiatives we plan to introduce to this end are:

  • Supply shall be created of affordable tractors and machinery the farmers require to improve production and productivity.
  • Transport of perishable commodities shall be made easier by improving rural road connectivity with markets.
  • Public investment in the farming sector to be increased substantially rather than subsidies to raise output and boost farmer incomes.
  • Dedicated railway corridors shall also be built for agricultural purposes.
  • Construction and improvement of irrigation facilities to reduce dependence on the monsoons.
  • R&D to be undertaken regionally so that the needs of different regions can be catered to, given the specific soil, climate, water availability etc.
  • Reform of the APMC Act & to set up a “National Agricultural Market” where farmers sell directly to consumers.
  • To link the NREGA scheme to all of the above plans, simultaneously creating employment and improving rural infrastructure.

INDUSTRY: Industry is a critical part of economic development. If we as a country want to achieve a high growth level then we shall have to revive the industrial and manufacturing sectors, where production has flagged of late. This can be done by:

  • Promoting investment in industry and manufacturing by relaxing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms. We plan to work with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and use both monetary and fiscal measures to invite FDI in this sector.
  • Creation of a new Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Also Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) shall be made available to new industries in specific sectors to streamline the manufacturing process and improve efficiency.
  • Finding a permanent solution to the power woes of the industries.
  • Creating an annual dialogue between the Government of India and major industrialists across all sectors to assess the specific needs of every industry and try to find a possible solution benefitting all parties involved.
  • Improving the connectivity between factories and markets.
  • Simplifying the tax regime, making it less ambiguous and open to interpretation. Further Prospective taxation will be the way forward.
  • Making the establishment of industries easier, specifically with respect to land acquisition. We wish to push for fresh amendments to the Land Acquisition Act to make it more balanced.

Defence

Our soldiers are brave and industrious, but the equipment and machines they use are either archaic or in disarray. To make our nation more secure, we propose:

  • To increase the limit for FDI in defence.
  • To promote domestic production of defence equipment to reduce the import bill drastically. Further quality can also be controlled if it is produced in our nation.
  • Increased DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) spending.
  • To keep India’s nuclear arsenal to the bare minimum required to be used as a deterrent while trying to take the world along a path of nuclear disarmament.
  • To expand and make the NSG more organised with a view to respond effectively to internal security threats.

Education

After all these years of independence, our nation of more than a billion people still has hundreds of millions who are illiterate. The number of uneducated people is even larger. Studies have estimated that this lack of literacy/education is causing us losses in the thousands of crores every year, in addition to the millions of jobs that are left uncreated. We dream of a new India that leads the way in innovation and new ideas. We propose to take our first steps towards this by

School Education:

  • Universalising primary and secondary schooling, especially in backward areas.
  • Setting up mechanisms to review and revise the curriculum taught at the primary and secondary level to make it more application based rather than focus on rote learning to make the Indian education system globally competitive.
  • Taking special measures in the form of incentives and scholarships to increase the enrolment of girls in schools.
  • Prioritising a response to the problem of shortage of teachers, especially in public education. Further the quality of teachers will also be checked through teacher training and periodical assessment of teachers.
  • Improving school infrastructure. There will be sufficient number of classrooms per school in view of the enrolment especially in the rural and tribal areas. There shall be no power cuts in schools. Decent and hygienic toilets shall be built in every school. Libraries, Computer Labs, Science Laboratories too shall be constructed and maintained. Basic amenities in every school will encourage students to go to school.
  • Creating opportunities for the differently abled, physically handicapped, visually impaired etc. to learn. Different styles of teaching shall be taught to teachers to cater to their special needs.
  • PPPs in the field of education technology shall be promoted and all efforts shall be made to promote and include the use of technology like smart boards, projectors etc.
  • To inculcate the habit of pursuing some social/cultural hobby or sport to promote the all round development of the students across the country.

Higher Education:

  • Assessing the needs of the industry across sectors and to altering the course content to meet these needs.
  • Promoting research with a view to increase the number of PhD candidates, creating intellectual capital in India.
  • Making the system more flexible so that courses from various disciplines can be studied together. Further, switching of streams shall be made hassle free and easier.
  • Making efforts to Higher education in rural areas shall be made a reality so as to reduce the long travel that the students have to do to receive a formal education.
  • Establishing of a host of National Cultural Colleges which will provide formal education in dance, music, art etc of an international standard.
  • Inviting foreign universities to set up campuses in India and to also tie-up or partner with them to facilitate student exchange programs to give our students a more competitive edge while also promoting cultural diversity and international harmony.
  • Ensuring that the existing IITs, IIMs, and NITs continuously improve, and remain world class institutes while simultaneously increasing the number of institutes at par with them to meet the ever growing demand for college seats.
  • Revamping the accreditation system and to make stricter guidelines to improve on the standards of performance and quality of education.

Vocational & Skill Training:

  • Vocational Education and Training (VET) is an important element of the nation’s education initiative. In order for Vocational Education to play its part effectively in the changing national context and for India to enjoy the fruits of the demographic dividend, there is an urgent need to redefine the critical elements of imparting vocational education and training to make them flexible, contemporary, relevant, inclusive and creative.
  • To build a larger number of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Industrial Training Centres (ITCs).
  • A National Vocational Policy shall be formulated to establish equivalency for degrees, diplomas and certifications in vocational education.
  • An accreditation council shall be set up to regulate the quality and standard of education imparted.
  • Efforts shall be made to provide better infrastructure and latest skill training through the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model.
  • Teaching Training Programs for continuous skill development of teachers along with periodical review of teacher salaries to retain them in the field of vocational education.
  • Special women ITIs and ITCs shall be set up to provide them with targeted quality vocational education and skill training.

Employability:

  • Focusing on Soft Skills Development and making ‘Digital Education’ compulsory to enhance the employability of graduates.

Environment

  • Reducing pollution by giving incentives to companies and corporations who reduce their carbon footprint.
  • Introducing the concept of “Green Certificates” awarded to housing societies, offices etc.
  • Starting a “National Afforestation Campaign” to increase the amount of green cover present.
  • Promoting the production of solar energy, wind energy and other renewable sources of power to reduce dependence on non-renewable sources of energy.
  • Handing out stricter punishments for non-compliance with the pollution control measures.
  • Formulating a “National Sanitation Policy” to provide clean drinking water and toilets to every home in need of them.
  • Initiating a “National Cleanliness Drive” to clean all rivers, mountains, lakes, beaches in order to make India as one of the cleanest countries in the world, as well as a public campaign against littering and open defecation.
  • Prevent extinction and conservation of many endangered species.

Finance

We wish to shun the profligacy and indiscipline of past governments by:

  • Taking measures for Fiscal consolidation. This will be achieved by reduction of unproductive debt and wasteful expenditure while increasing revenue receipts through strategic stake sale in government controlled PSUs to raise capital.
  • Reducing fiscal deficit to 2.5-3% of GDP in the next 3-4 years and introduce measures to target an annual GDP growth of 7-8% in the next 3 years.
  • Undertaking measures to ensure stability in the rupee’s exchange and to prevent unfavourable balance of payments.
  • Curbing inflation with the help of the RBI.
  • Promoting Micro-finance companies and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs).
  • Encouraging financial inclusion by providing two savings accounts to 10 crore poor households while educating them about the merits of a banking habit.

– Hashim Arsiwala 

Contingent: Beartic

The Uprising of BRICS

The world says that the economies constituting BRICS will be the ruling economies by 2050, but I say that it’s an under estimation of potential. BRICS can make this wonder happen quite earlier than expected.

Representing the population chunk of 3 billion who collectively has a share of 18% of the world economy, BRICS are distinguished by their fast growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs.

The 6th BRICS summit was held in Fortaleza, putting Brazil in the chair of the host. This summit placed an emphasis on the BRICS Development Bank, Shanghai being its headquarters. BRICS have decided to raise a sum of $100 billion for the bank as an initial investment. $100 billion will have a positive precautionary effect, to facilitate finance to the countries during short-term liquidity pressures, promote further BRICS cooperation, strengthen the global financial safety net and complement existing international arrangements. The initial subscribed capital is decided to be of US$ 50 billion, equally shared among the founder nations. The first chair of the Board of Governors shall be from Russia while the first chair of the Board of Directors shall be from Brazil, the first President of the Bank shall be from India and the headquarters of the Bank shall be located in Shanghai. The New Development Bank Africa Regional Center shall be established in South Africa concurrently with the headquarters.

The Sixth Summit happened at a crucial juncture, as the international community assesses how to address the challenges of strong economic recovery from the global financial crisis, including climate change, sustainable development, while also discussing collectively on the post-2015 Development Agenda. At the same time, BRICS are facing political instability and conflict in various global hotspots and non-conventional emerging threats. On the other hand, international governance structures designed within a different power configuration show increasingly evident signs of losing legitimacy and effectiveness, as transitional and ad hoc arrangements become increasingly prevalent, often at the expense of multilateralism. BRICS believe they are an important force for incremental change and reform of current institutions towards more representative and equitable governance, capable of generating more inclusive global growth and fostering a stable, peaceful and prosperous world.

Looking at the prospect of this, BRICS countries seem to showcase their tusks. With the introduction of this bank, there would be a lesser dependability of BRICS on the IMF and the World Bank. So, it’s a strategic move towards breaking the reputation of monetary monarchy of US$ in the global markets.

Russian President, Vladimir Putin stated, “In the BRICS case we see a whole set of coinciding strategic interests. First of all, this is common intention to reform the international monetary and financial system. In the present form it is unjust to the BRICS countries and to new economies in general. We should take a more active part in the IMF and World Bank’s decision making system. The international monetary system depends a lot on the US$ or to be precise, on the monetary and financial policy of the US authorities. The BRICS countries want to change this.” with a voice of confidence and vibrancy.

The theme chosen for discussion was “Inclusive Growth: Sustainable Solutions,” in keeping with the inclusive macro-economic and social policies carried out by BRICS governments and the imperative to address challenges to humankind posed by the need to simultaneously achieve growth, inclusiveness, protection and preservation.

What India and Indians should speculate is that there are chances of an introduction of a new currency for BRICS, so lesser dependency on US$. We expect a bounty in the tourism sector accompanied with infrastructural development through BRICS cooperation.

Hence, the BRICS countries may just change the dominance of the United States of America by emerging as superpowers with grace.

– By Aarat Pandya
(Research, Writing & Photography)

The Reality of the Agrarian Sector in India

India, being an agricultural economy, is under the spotlight for having more than 60% of this population engaged in the agricultural sector.  Thus, this sector becomes a large vote bank for every political party.

Politics and the economy are highly intertwined, especially in the era of globalization, and only by understanding this can we understand how political decisions affect economic actvities.

Agricultural production, being such an important aspect of the economy, impacts all sectors of the economy and ultimately impacts the country’s economic development as a whole.

Initially, the agricultural sector contributed more than 50% to the GDP, but as industrialization took place, the industrial and service sectors grew stronger, and agriculture’s contribution declined to almost 14%. Although growth in the industrial and service sector may be the tell tale signs of an emerging  industrial economy; there is the point to be considered that eventhough contributions of the agricultural sector have dropped, it still employs around 60% of the entire population – which heavily influences political decisions.

The political parties in government have made many populist projects like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNRGA) and the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), in order to keep the rural population happy. But, most of the measures taken by the political parties are over sold and under executed. These measures taken by the government have resulted in an increase in the agricultural production to some extent, but the gains of such increase have not percolated to the large number of small farmers. The reality of the situation is that the majority of the farmers are trapped in debts. New technologies, better seeds and irrigation are only benefiting the handful of large farmers. For the rest, the combination of bad seeds and poor rainfall results in little or no yield. This has caused mass suicides of farmers all over India.

Yet being in the political spotlight has been beneficial to some extent as some projects such as the building of canals to supply water to Kutch, the building of dams and introduction of new technologies have truly helped increase the agricultural output in some areas.

But at times, putting the agricutural sector in the spotlight has backfired on political parties. For example, the continous rise of onion prices in the market angered not only the general population, but the farmers as well, as they claim there isn’t that great of a supply shortage for such high prices. The political parities in power have been blamed for holding stock and inflating prices, and have lost popularity. The Modi Cabinet has recently tried to rectify the problem by enforcing control orders on onions and potatoes, claiming that anyone holding stock beyond a point will face legal action. The actual implimentation will be seen in due course.

Being a political football, the agricultural sector has been toyed with by political parties year after year without receiving much benefit. The millions of farmers working tirelessly to improve their livelihood have been used time and again as a vote bank, by giving false hope for betterment of their conditions.

– By Dhwani Pandya.
(Research, Writing & Photography)

A Caring Department – Hospitality

Hospitality involves the friendly reception and treatment of guests. In the outside world, the hospitality industry or the service industry includes lodgingrestaurantsevent planningtheme parkstransportationcruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry. But when you come down to a smaller unit, such as a college festival, we immediately familiarise ourselves with a department that specialises in being hospitable.

Like all other fests, Gnaritas does have a Hospitality Department whose members work towards the general care of all the participants and judges. Our very own Hospitality Department has 10 members headed by Keenal Pandya. She is affable, dependable, approachable, and capable. To support her is Richa Panchal, the subhead of Hospitality who is always on her toes, making sure that everything is in order.

The work of the Hospitality Department is concerned with escorting the participants and the judges through the premises of our college and to the venue where the event is being held. Each member is required to steward a judge until the end of the event. They ensure that the judges are satisfied with the hospitality services. In addition to this, they also handle the food and the beverages to be served.

In all, hospitality ensures top – class service to all the participants and the judges.

–          By Erwin Rodrigues & Aishwarya Sinha.

Environmental Risk Assessment

Our Earth has been at the receiving end of all the damage caused by man-made and industrial waste. Such damages pose as an inherent hazard to the environment, thus subsequently affecting the world economy.

Such situations call for an assessment of the problems causing the damages. Environmental Risk Assessment is a similar concept. ERA is the procedure in which the inherent hazards involving natural events, technology practises, products, agents and industrial activities, and the risks posed by these are examined. ERA involves a critical review of available data for identifying and estimating the risk associated with a potential threat. The risks are examined in the assessment can be physical, biological or chemical in nature.

ERA helps in identifying risks of an emerging issue, or prioritising further action.  It has provided the basis for legislative and regulatory problems, as well as for international agreements and policy implications. It assesses a spectrum of issues, ranging from hazardous waste clean ups, land and water management, to establishing international quality and guidelines. Industry sectors, finance sectors, private sectors, government bodies, NGO’s, use ERA to examine risks of different natures.  ERA is used in a number of ways:

  • Prioritization of risks: When a company forces a number of potential environmental risks, ERA establishes their relative importance.
  • Site specific evaluation: ERA helps in determining risk associated with locating facilities, or determining risks affecting a particular site.
  • Qualitative risk assessment: ERA can be used to explain the risks in qualitative basis within any facility.
  • Transportation risk assessment: ERA tools can be used to assess risks associated with hazardous substances carried by various models of transport.

ERA faces various challenges, like different methodologies, data deficiencies and lack of active participation of stakeholders. Possible approaches to overcome these issues are harmonisation of assessment methods, protocols and recognising data in assessments, to reduce uncertainty and limitations.

In Australia, the expectations of environmental impact assessment (EIA) continue to grow due to heightened interest in environmental issues, increased public participation and better awareness of EIA processes. In response, government agencies and EIA practitioners in Australia continue to introduce and improve tools for use in EIA. Environmental risk assessment (ERA) is one such tool that has gained prominence. The immediate attraction of ERA is that it provides a systematic, transparent and consistent means to analyse potential environmental impacts.

For effective implementation, risk assessment tools must be capable of providing data relating to ecologically significant processes. This requires a better understanding of biomarkers related to health status, in order to improve their value in monitoring. Assessment of environmental disturbance requires understanding stress effects throughout the hierarchy of biological organisations. An integrated environmental management strategy must be cross disciplinary, if an effective capability is to be developed in relation to resource sustainability.

–         Utsav Gagwani.

(Research, Writing & Photography)

Aside

Green Technology

In the 21st Century, man has innumerable reasons to be proud of their unique achievements. Mankind has achieved a series of advancements in varied fields such as nuclear energy, social media, transportation, communication, space science etc. However, with all the advancements and achievements come an equal number of issues and disasters inter alia overpopulation, poverty and water crisis, which pose a vicissitude to the economies of the world. Among the present day issues, there is one that is perpetual: the issue of protecting our degrading environment.

World economies are trying their level best to ‘go green’. The act of ‘going green’ brings with it a bounteous amount of new concepts such as sustainable development, green consumerism, green business and eco-friendliness. As governments adopt the concept of sustainable development, consumers are becoming more aware of the need of conservation which ultimately gives rise to the emergence of green consumerism. As consumers begin to demand for eco-friendly goods and services, businesses are burdened to satisfy the consumers’ demands. This, in turn, has led to the adoption of green technology by enterprises.

Green technology describes those technologies which are applied to environmental problems i.e. technologies that are more environmentally benign than conventional ones. The term by itself is very vast, describing an array of technology from those dealing with water treatment and purification to renewable energy generation and storage. Green technologies are also often termed as clean technologies which aim at eliminating toxic materials and waste materials in the production process.

Green technology has been most successful in the area of renewable energy generation; its storage and its transmission. Some of the green technologies which are highly popular today include Solar Photovoltaic cells, wind power technologies and solar thermal technologies – to name a few. Green energy storage technologies include batteries and fuel cells which highly advantageous due to its low cost, higher capacity and light weight. Bio-fuels and bio-energy – derived from living organisms or waste materials, are also being explored as green technologies to fuel transportation.

As the global economy confronts issues ranging from climate change, water scarcity and other environmental threats, green technology will continue to grow in the short term especially if used in synergy with infrastructural projects.

IKEA and Herman Miller, two giants of the furniture world, use green technology extensively in their production process.

Glimpsing into the future, green technology has bright prospects. Some of which include:

  1. Bolt-on Turbines: Wind turbines that work only on your home’s ceiling.
  2. Subway Power: Harnessing the power of the wind of passing trains to charge your gadgets.
  3. Solar Leaves: Tiny affordable solar leaves that cover the surface of a building to convert sun rays to power.

These aren’t just ideas, but actual projects that are in the making. A solar powered plane, named the Solar Impulse, is one of the many green innovations that are yet to come.

The path of a greener, brighter and a sustained future can be achieved if the usage of green technology, conservation and various other environmental concepts are in an efficient synergy.

But one thing is for sure, future technology is looking a lot greener.

– Erwin Rodrigues.

(Research, Writing & Photography)